POWER OUTAGES OF
ITS IMPACT AND POTENTIAL RENEWABLE ENERGY SOLUTIONS NEPAL
Energy is indispensable in modern society and is one of the most important components of socio – economic development.
is one of
the least developed countries with more than 80% of its population residing in
rural communities. According to IEA, Per
capita electricity consumption of Nepal Nepal
is 93 units, far below the per capita electricity consumption of Asia which stands at 806 units. India’s per capita electricity consumption
stands at 644 units compared to 2,942 units of . China ’s energy sector is dominated
by the traditional energy sources such as fuel woods, agriculture residue and
animal residue. Nepal
Access to reliable energy supplies is fundamental for economic development (World Bank 2010). As humanity's dependency on electric power increases, large-scale power outages have grown endemic around the world and this has been having a major effect on the lives of people as well as corporate activities. Reducing economic losses by preventing power outages or reducing the amount of time required to recover from power outages is one of the major issues facing smart grids.
has a huge hydropower
potential with technically feasible capacity of more than 43,000 MW (WECS).
Despite such a possibility, only less than 2% of this capacity has been
explored. Present time in Nepal ,
has a huge deficiency of electricity. Nepal
This study was conducted proposed to determine the causes and Impacts of power outages of
and its potential solution by Renewable energy.
Exploiting renewable sources for Energy is not only the sustainable
solution but also reduces the CO2 emission in a developing country without
fossil fuel resources. Lesson learnt from other countries have been tabulated
and presented to the research as an advice for Nepal . However, Nepal Nepal can play a great role as a power provider
to its neighboring countries like India
and China if could
harness its full potential. Nepal India
needs huge sources of energy to keep their economic growth. China
In addition, For power exchange Nepal should have to invest huge amount in its infrastructure to send power up to long distance and also the save energy from highest rate of system loss more than 34%. HVDC system, Smart grid and smart metering are such new technologies that really help to keep system in balance and stop Electricity theft.
follow the international trend to liberalize its Energy policy and follow the
latest Power management system in timely manner. Public awareness can play a
great role to reduce the unnecessary drain of electricity. Nepal also has
to focus on Renewable Energy Technology like small hydro, Solar PV, Biomass and
Wind energy as a fastest solution of power outage since the large Hydro power
is more expensive and needs more investment and more time to complete. Nepal ’s
Geographical situation is also not favourable to reach national grid in all of
the country. To address the deficiency in energy, more power projects should be
built not only for current need but also for the rising demand in future. Nepal